Heliophysics Events Knowledgebase Coverage Registry (HCR)
Observation Details
Overview Where Groups: Mode, FOV, # spectra in map Data Links
2022-05-06 08:39:58-09:23:25
HOP 422 (GREGOR) on AR 13003
Joint observations of the flare atmosphere
x,y:466",-237"
Max FOV:81"x81"
Target:Active Region
Nearby Events
6302A Continuum Intensity81"x81"511 spectra
6302A Longitudinal Flux Density81"x81"511 spectra
6302A Transverse Flux Density81"x81"511 spectra
6302A Velocity 6301.5A81"x81"511 spectra

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SP Cubes 8 MB
SOTSP: HOP 422 (GREGOR) on AR 13003
2022-05-06T08:39:58 to 2022-05-06T09:23:25
Science Goal: Joint observations of the flare atmosphere
Program: Normal map 82"x82", Q65/Q75, 1 side
Target: Active Region
xcen=466 ycen=-237
Instrument: SOTSP
HOP/JOP: 422
Description: Main Objective: To observe the atmospheric response to flare heating and support allocated observing time at GREGOR (Tenerife, Spain) Scientific Justification: White light flares (WLF) are flares with emissions visible at the optical continuum, and also UV enhancements in some cases. Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the continuum enhancement. Moreover, each mechanism may dominate at different atmospheric layers and, therefore, specific observations are needed to disentangle the contributions. The presence of hydrogen Paschen continuum, originating at the chromosphere, has been observed in off-limb flare observations from HMI/SDO (Heinzel et al. 2017). The presence of the hydrogen Balmer continuum has been observed in on-disc flares observations from IRIS (Heinzel and Kleint 2014
Kleint et al. 2016
Kowalski et al. 2017
Joshi and Schmieder 2021). Additionally, WLF observations from SP/Hinode showed that the optical continuum enhancement is probably not caused by the temperature increase at the formation height of the photospheric continuum, but instead by a photospheric heating down to log τ ~ 0.5, which results in emission profiles of the Fe I lines (Jurcak et al. 2018). They estimated that the major contribution to the increase of the continuum intensity is originating in the heated chromosphere. With this proposal, we aim to do a follow up study of Jurcak et al. (2018) and Kleint et al. (2017), that is, the study of the stratification of the flare atmosphere by means of space- and ground-based instruments with as high temporal cadence as possible to properly constrain the plasma state of the flaring atmosphere. Meanwhile, we aim to run a complementary study of the temporal evolution of the umbra-penumbra boundary with respect to the properties of the magnetic field. Spectropolarimetric observations of SP/Hinode will allow us to study the photospheric vector magnetic field within the whole observed sunspot, complementing the smaller FOV of the photospheric and chromospheric IFU-GRIS/GREGOR observations. IRIS NUV spectra will allow us to study the Balmer continuum emission and line emissions during flares. Slit-jaw images at Mg II wing (2830 A) will complement the images provided by GREGOR (Hα, Ca II h, and blue continuum at 450 nm), thus extending information of the chromospheric emission. The observed emission in hydrogen, Ca II and Mg II lines and continuum will be compared with non-LTE RHD models constructed specifically for the observed flare (e.g. using FLARIX code, Kasparova et al. 2019
Heinzel et al. 2017). If Fermi or STIX/Solar Orbiter data are available, they will be used to constrain the flare heating input. XRT will provide information about temperature and emission measures of hot flaring loops, allowing us to track the atmosphere response and structure above chromospheric heights.

Annotations:
Hits: 29
Chief Observer
Tiwari (RCO)->DeWijn (RCO)
Related Links
Cites: HOP 422 (GREGOR) on AR 13003     
Timeline: gif use
See also
Datasets
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saaIntervals hiIntervals

wavelength: 6302A Continuum Intensity cadence: 0 min fov: 81,81 images: 511 JavaScript Landing Page
wavelength: 6302A Velocity 6301.5A cadence: 0 min fov: 81,81 images: 511 JavaScript Landing Page
wavelength: 6302A Transverse Flux Density cadence: 0 min fov: 81,81 images: 511 JavaScript Landing Page
wavelength: 6302A Longitudinal Flux Density cadence: 0 min fov: 81,81 images: 511 JavaScript Landing Page
Time Series (SP Datacubes)